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There are a variety of reasons for infertility, and some cases for which no reason can be found. In women, reasons for infertility include tubal blockages, ovulation problems, endometriosis and polycystic ovaries, while the most common causes in men include abnormal sperm parameters, azoospermia and antisperm antibodies. Many reasons for infertility in both men and women stem from lifestyle choices such as diet, smoking and alcohol. Stress is another major contributor to infertility.

There are 2 treatments, similar to one another, that may be used for women who have specific cervical conditions. In one of these treatments, gamete intrafallopian transfer, or GIFT, the eggs and sperm are combined directly in the fallopian tube, where hopefully fertilization will take place. The second treatment is similar, but with zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) the eggs are fertilized in a lab first. As well as being more expensive than IVF, both these treatments have the same potential side effects as ovulation medications and IVF.

Fears have arisen that infertility treatment increases the chance of cerebral palsy. A higher-than-average incidence of cerebral palsy exists in children born through infertility treatment, according to recent research. The journal Human Reproduction featured a new study of nearly 590,000 babies born in Denmark during an 8-year span, and reported that children born through assisted reproduction were around twice as likely to be found with cerebral palsy as the others. Among babies born via assisted reproduction, there is a higher rate of multiple births, about 50%, and of pre term births, which largely explains the increased chance.

Surgery is a simple answer to the problem of obstructed fallopian tubes. Endometriosis, infection, fibroids, as well as scarring from previous surgery can also be treated surgically. Whether the procedure is successful at facilitating conception depends on a number of factors. Infertiliity cannot be “cured” overnight; it may take multiple treatments over a long course of time.

Ovulation problems can be pinpointed as the cause of roughly 25% of all cases of infertility. A medication called Clomiphene citrate is most frequently used to treat these issues. If ovulation still doesn’t occur then gonadotropins should be the next step and should result in the release of some eggs. Often the medications are so effective that the result is twins or triplets, but a good health care practitioner can help you with how best to care for a multiple pregnancy.

When the specific cause for infertility is unknown, the go-to treatment is usually artificial insemination. The success rate for IUI, which is the introduction of sperm directly into a woman’s uterus by a method other than sex, in combination with fertility drugs is about 15% per cycle. To reduce the incidence of infection, the semen is usually treated in a lab environment. A day or two before the woman is due to ovulate, the semen is deposited into the uterus.

Although a lot of people choose modern medical treatments like IVF or IUI, more married couples are also looking to natural or alternative health care solutions for reproduction. Some of the many lifestyle changes you can make to help your fertility include changes to your diet, exercise, acupuncture, and yoga. Considering the invasive and painful nature of some of the procedures used in medical infertility treatment, the expense, and most importantly, the risks involved, it makes sense to try all feasible natural options first. IVF (in vitro fertilization) is an option during which the sperm and the eggs “meet” in the lab, and a fertilized egg is then deposited in the woman’s uterus to grow.

IVF requires that a woman’s eggs be taken via a needle from her ovary. As with ovulation drugs and other procedures, a well-known side effect of IVF is multiple fetuses.

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